Your wisdom teeth are the last adult teeth to emerge in your mouth. Most people have two wisdom teeth at the top of their mouth and two at the bottom. They're located in the very back of your mouth. Wisdom teeth often have to be removed to keep your mouth healthy and avoid damage to your other teeth.
Not everyone needs their wisdom teeth removed. However, the removal of wisdom teeth is fairly common. Many people do not have enough room in their mouths for their wisdom teeth to grow in. This is known as having impacted wisdom teeth, and it’s a major cause of wisdom teeth removal. There are several reasons you might need to have your impacted wisdom teeth removed.
● Your wisdom teeth are pushing against a molar — This can lead to damage to morals or infection in the area. It can also cause your teeth to become crooked or crowded.
● You develop cysts in your gums — Wisdom teeth grow in a sac inside your jawbone. Sometimes this sac fills with fluid and forms a cyst. The cyst can cause damage to your teeth, nerves, and jawbone.
● Your impacted wisdom teeth are decayed — It’s harder to keep impacted teeth clean. This often leads to decay and pain.
● You have gum disease — Sometimes the difficulty cleaning an impacted wisdom tooth can cause a painful infection in your gums called pericoronitis/
Wisdom teeth normally emerge when a person is between 17 and 25. Some people’s wisdom teeth will grow in without causing problems. However, many people’s mouths are too crowded for wisdom teeth to grow in properly. They might grow in at angles that push on other teeth or remain under the gums.
Wisdom teeth that don’t have enough room to grow in are called impacted wisdom teeth. Wisdom teeth that emerge slightly and become visible are known as partially impacted wisdom teeth. Wisdom teeth that don’t break through the gums are known as fully impacted wisdom teeth.
Some people have impacted wisdom teeth that don’t cause problems. These teeth might not need to be removed right away. However, since impacted teeth are vulnerable to infection, they will need to take extra care with their wisdom teeth. A dentist will likely want to keep a close eye on these teeth.
Impacted wisdom teeth can also cause symptoms. These wisdom teeth will need to be removed. Symptoms caused by impacted wisdom teeth include:
● Jaw pain
● Bleeding gums
● Red or swollen gums
● A swollen jaw
● Bad breath
● An odd taste in the mouth
● Trouble opening the mouth
Wisdom teeth removal is a fairly simple procedure. It is generally performed at dental offices but might be done at an oral surgery center in some cases. You might be awake with the area numbed, sedated, or unconscious during the procedure Steps in the wisdom teeth removal procedure include:
1. Numbing the area or receiving sedation
2. Making an incision in your gum
3. Removing the impacted tooth
4. Stitching the incision to close it
5. Packing the area with gauze
You’ll likely experience some pain, bleeding, and swelling as you recover from wisdom teeth removal. It might be difficult to open your mouth wide for a day or two, and it’s a good idea to keep ice on your jaw to minimize swelling. It can help to eat soft foods such as smoothies, yogurt, or oatmeal in the days following your surgery. Generally, you’ll be ordered prescription medications to help you manage the pain. You’ll also receive instructions that will tell you how to care for your wounds and reduce any swelling.
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